A Hip Replacement, also known as Hip Arthroplasty, is performed if the patient’s hip is damaged by Arthritis, fracture or other conditions causing pain and discomfort while walking and sitting.
One of the largest joints of the body, the hip is the ball-and-socket joint, where the acetabulum, a part of the pelvic bone, acts as the socket, and the femoral head, the top part of the thigh bone (Femur) is the ball.
The bones are cushioned together by a smooth tissue, Articular Cartilage, that enables the bones to move freely. The hip joint is surrounded by a thin tissue, the Synovial Membrane, that makes a small amount of fluid to lubricate the cartilage and eliminate friction during the movement of the hip while walking or moving etc.
Several ligaments connect the ball to the socket and keep the joint stable.
A damaged cartilage, socket, or ball causes hip pain and stiffness, resulting in total or partial Hip Replacement surgery.
The Hip Replacement surgeons at Sarvodaya leverage high-end technical modalities to surgically remove the damaged ball, socket, and cartilage and replace them with metallic or ceramic prosthetics. The artificial socket, known as the Acetabular Prosthesis, and the artificial ball and stem, referred to as the Femoral Prosthesis is inserted in the central core of the femur. Screws and ceramic components are used to hold them in place.
The total Hip Replacement ensures smoother joint movement, reduced pain, and increased mobility, allowing the patient to carry on with their routine activities after recovery.