Pulmonology is the subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with diseases of the lungs and bronchial tubes, which often involves evaluation of the upper respiratory tract (nose, pharynx and throat) as well as the heart.
We offer comprehensive diagnostic & treatment modalities at department of pulmonology. This function under the guidance of qualified pulmonologist and has wide spectrum of services under this head. Our Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly Pneumonia, Asthma, Tuberculosis, Emphysema, and complicated chest infections.
Treatment Offered for:
- Pulmonary TB (including MDR / XDR)
- Cancer of lung (diagnosis including invasive testing)
- Interstitial lung disease
OPD specialized clinic
- Electrocoagulation for haemoptysis
- BAL/lungs biopsy
- Foreign Body removal
- Pulmonary function test
- Sleep studies
- Pulmonary imaging, Ultrasound, CT-scan
EBUS - is a minimally invasive but highly effective procedure used to diagnose lung cancer, infections and other diseases causing enlarged lymph nodes in the chest.
Why is it used:
- EBUS allows physicians to perform a technique known as TBNA to obtain tissue or fluid samples from the lungs and surrounding lymph nodes without any conventional surgery.
- The samples can be used for diagnosing and staging lung cancer, detecting infections,
- Identifying inflammatory diseases that affect the lungs.
What makes EBUS different:
- During an endobronchial ultrasound:
- The physician can perform needle aspiration lymph nodes using bronchoscope inserted through the mouth.
- A special endoscope fitted with an ultrasound processor and a fine-gauge aspiration needle is guided through the patient’s trachea.
- No incisions are necessary.
Benefits of EBUS:
- Provide real time imaging of the surface of the airways, blood vessels, lungs and lymph nodes.
- The provided images allow the physician to easily view difficult to reach areas and to access more, and smaller, lymph nodes for biopsy with the aspiration needle than through conventional mediatinoscopy.
- The accuracy and speed of the EBUS procedure lends itself to rapid onsite pathologic evaluation. Pathologists in the operating room can process and examine biopsy samples as they are obtained and can request additional samples to be taken immediately if needed.
- EBUS is performed under moderate sedation or general anaesthesia.
- Patients recover quickly and can generally go home the same day.
Risks of an endoscopy:
Endoscopy has a much lower risk of bleeding and infection that open surgery. Still endoscopy is a medical procedure, so it had some risk of bleeding, infection and other complications such as:
- Chest pain
- Damage of an organ
- Persistent pain in the area of endoscopy
- Redness and swelling at the incision site.